According to the scientific studies of the last fifty years since the discovery of the neurotransmitter called dopamine, this neurotransmitter has been intimately related to learning, memory and muscle movements, among other things.
Curiosity this neurotransmitter, which is produced by our brain naturally, is also responsible for pleasurable sensations, it is like our particular reward system. So…
Learning and retaining what is learned is related to pleasure.
"If we believe that what we are learning is important, dopamine activates the hippocampus to store the information. If on the contrary, what we study is not satisfactory, the memory fades, "says Jorge Medina, Faculty of Medicine of the University of Buenos Aires.
THE STUDY OF MATTHIAS J. GRUBER ABOUT CURIOSITY
Many of us know that what we learn only for an exam is forgotten as soon as the test passes. However, our interest, the relevance for us of what is learned, our curiosity increases the ability to retain and learn not only what interests us but potentially anything, as evidenced by the research of Matthias J. Gruber and his team, from the University of California.
These are the their conclusions:
- People are better at learning information that they are curious about or they have an interest on it.
- Memory for subject not related to the original interesting material was also enhanced during curious states. So, once we have managed to awaken curiosity, the brain has greater facility to learn both the matter that interests us and others that do not seem relevant to us. Our brain simply works better while it is in a curious state.
- The curiosity is related with anticipatory activity in nucleus accumbens and midbrain. That means, curiosity places our brain in a particularly favorable state to retain information..
They used functional magnetic resonance imaging to investigate how curiosity (intrinsic motivation to learn) influences memory. This revealed a link between the mechanisms that support the motivation of extrinsic reward and intrinsic curiosity and highlight the importance of stimulating curiosity to create more effective learning experiences.
CURIOSITY, AN ANTICIPATORY STATE OF THE BRAIN FOR LEARNING
A state of curiosity, according to this study, is therefore a pleasant state in which a cognitive reward is demanded and anticipated (know the information about which you have interest).
Curiosity activates the reward system of the brain, secreting dopamine naturally, with which we can make extra efforts to carry out our goals.
Curiosity increases the activity of the hippocampus (key in the creation of new memories) and mesencephalon activity and increases the communication of both areas.
THE CURIOSITY: KEY TO TEACHING ANY SUBJECT
Genetically we can produce more or less dopamine or we can have more or less limbic activity in the hippocampus.
But all of us can benefit from an intelligent way of learning and teaching: first, awakening curiosity, then information.
In Tintarantín we never forget this and we seek to awaken the curiosity of the child before we start.. There are things that we do not explain until they ask us. We generate interest based on what interests the child. Some prefer songs, other exercises, some want to play by heart. Others ask about the musical score and notes.
There is much to do and everyone finds their place, according to their own interest.
Charla de Matthias Gruber en el evento TEDx en UC Davis (Matthias Gruber speaks at a 2015 TEDx salon event at UC Davis) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SmaTPPB-T_s