The piano is the the most complex of all instruments in terms of skill: two hands have to play together simultaneously along 88 keys. In theory, 10 notes could sound at the same time.

To handle this complexity, pianists have to develop a totally unique brain capacity - one that has finally been discovered by science.

Because both hands must be equally active to master the instrument, the pianists have had to overcome something that is innate to almost everyone: being right-handed or being left-handed, that is, they have had to become ambidextrous.

Most people, the depth of the central groove of the brain is deep on one side only: on the right side or on the left side, which determines which hand is dominant. But when scientists have scanned the pianists' brain, they have found something different: The pianists have shown more symmetry in the central groove of the brain than in any other person - even if they were born right-handed or left-handed, their brains have hardly taken it into account . Because pianists still have a dominant hand, the researchers speculate that this equality in depth was not natural, but is the result of their training to dominate their weak side.

In addition, pianists are able to turn their brains into better machines, into more efficient minds in all aspects.

A study by Dr. Ana Pinho shows that when jazz pianists play, their brains have an extremely efficient connection between different parts of the frontal lobe compared to non-musicians. This is extraordinary, since the frontal lobe is responsible for integrating a lot of information for decision making. Play a fundamental role in problem solving, language, spontaneity, decision making and social behavior.

The pianists, therefore, tend to integrate all the information received by the brain in more efficient decision-making processes. Due to this high speed connection, they can easily go from a slow and methodical thought to a faster and spontaneous creativity.

But the piano is a difficult and complex instrument for the whole brain. The true pianists are those who have a brain that conserves energy efficiently allocating resources more effectively than any person. Dr. Timo Krings scanned the pianists' brains and found that they pump less blood to the brain area associated with fine motor skills. Less blood means less energy needed to concentrate.

 

Extract from (english):

https://mic.com/articles/91329/science-shows-how-piano-players-brains-are-actually-different-from-everybody-elses#.N2hlsfBaJ


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